Emergency Contraceptive Pill To Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy: How It Works, Side Effects, and More

An emergency contraceptive pill is a form of contraception that can be used after unprotected sex within 72 (three days) to 120 hours (five days). The sooner the pill is taken, the better it will work.


If you’re sexually active and you don’t want to become pregnant, it’s important to know about emergency contraception. Also known as the “morning-after pill,” emergency contraceptive pills are a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. In this blog post, we will discuss how the emergency contraceptive pill works, its side effects, and more.

What is an emergency contraceptive pill (ECP)?

The emergency contraceptive pill is a type of birth control that can be taken after unprotected sex within 72 (three days) to 120 hours (five days) to prevent pregnancy.

What are the different types of emergency contraceptive pills available?

There are two types of ECP are available include:

  1. Hormonal ECPs: Progestin-only (levonorgestrel)
  2. Non- hormonal ECPs: Ulipristal acetate

When you have unprotected sex, it’s important to know the difference between the two types of emergency contraception. Progestin-only pills are typically most effective within three days (72 hours) after intercourse while ulipristal acetate will work for five full days before prevention is no longer an option. You will have better results if you take these medications as soon after unprotected sex as possible and they’re both guaranteed to work within three days or less.

How does the emergency contraceptive pill work?

The emergency contraceptive pill works by delaying or inhibiting ovulation (the release of an egg from the ovaries). It may also work by altering the lining of the uterus or by preventing implantation.

You don’t become pregnant right away after engaging in sexual intercourse. Sperm resides in your body for up to five days following sex. If you ovulate within that time frame, there is a chance you could become pregnant. The emergency contraceptive pill will not work if you are already pregnant. So it is very important to take ECP as soon as possible.

The emergency contraceptive pill is available over the counter without a prescription.

When should I take the emergency contraceptive pill?

If you had sex recently and could not use any other form of birth control, the condom broke or slipped off after your partner ejaculated, and your partner didn’t pull out in time, incorrect use of contraceptives, you were forced to have unprotected sex, you can use an emergency contraception method to prevent pregnancy.

What are the side effects of the emergency contraceptive pill?

The side effects of the emergency contraceptive pill can vary from person to person. Some common side effects include

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Breast tenderness
  • Progesterone-only pills can also influence your next menstrual cycle. They might bring forward or delay your period. You may get some spotting (light bleeding) or your period might be heavier than usual.

If you are experiencing any severe side effects, it is important to seek medical attention right away.

Are there any other things I should know about the emergency contraceptive pill?

Yes. There are a few things you should keep in mind when taking the emergency contraceptive pill:

  • The emergency contraceptive pill does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • The emergency contraceptive pill should not be used as a regular form of birth control.
  • You can only take the emergency contraceptive pill once in a menstrual cycle.

If you have any other questions or concerns, be sure to speak with your doctor.

Who should not take ECPs and why not?

There are a few people who should not take emergency contraceptive pills. These people include those who are pregnant, breastfeeding, have had an abortion in the last three months, have a history of blood clots, or are taking certain medications. If you are not sure if you should take ECPs, speak with your doctor.

Where can you get ECPs and how much do they cost?

You can get ECPs from a variety of places, such as pharmacies, grocery stores, and clinics. The cost of ECPs varies depending on the type of pill and the pharmacy. However, ECPs typically cost between $15 and $60. The i-pill 72 and the unwanted 72 are the ECP available in the market.

Are there any other ways to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex?

There are other ways to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex, such as using condoms or abstinence or getting an IUD. Condoms are the only method that can also help protect against sexually transmitted infections.

If you are interested in getting an IUD, speak with your doctor to learn more about the different types of IUDs and which one may be right for you. If you are sexually active, it is important to use contraception every time you have sex to reduce your risk of getting pregnant.

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