Human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks the immune system. It can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
The most common abnormalities of the placenta are placenta succenturiata, placenta membranacea, placenta accreta, placenta circumvallate, etc.
Genetic counseling is the process of providing individuals and families with information about genetic conditions, inherited risks, and available options.
Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) is a condition that can occur during pregnancy when the baby's head is too large to pass through the mother's pelvis.
The mechanism of labor is the sequence of actions that occur on the head during childbirth as it undergoes adaptation in the pelvis. It is a complex process.
The first stage starts with true labor pains, which are contractions that cause the cervix to open and complete when the cervix is fully dilated at 10 cm.
Congenital malformations are birth defects that occur while the baby is developing in the womb. It can involve any part, including the heart, brain, and limbs.
Dehydration during pregnancy is when a pregnant woman does not have enough fluids in her body. It can cause premature labor, low birth weight, etc.
Implantation bleeding or spotting is a small amount of blood that is released from the uterus when the fertilized egg implants into the lining of the uterus.