The most common abnormalities of the placenta are placenta succenturiata, placenta membranacea, placenta accreta, placenta circumvallate, etc.
The second stage of labor is the phase that occurs after the cervix has dilated to 10 cm and ends with the delivery of the baby that last from 30 min to 2 hrs.
Umbilical sepsis also known as omphalitis is a serious bacterial infection of the umbilicus (navel). Baby develops a red, swollen, and warm umbilical cord.
Cord blood banking is the process of collecting and storing baby's cord blood for future medical use. It is used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions.
Amniotic fluid is a clear, slightly yellowish liquid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus during pregnancy. It is present in the amniotic sac.
Fetal distress is a condition that can occur during pregnancy, labor, or delivery. It happens when the baby is not getting enough oxygen through the placenta.
Obstructed labor is one where despite good uterine contractions, the progressive descent of the presenting part is arrested due to mechanical obstruction.
Vasa previa is a rare but potentially fatal condition that can occur during pregnancy when blood vessels in the umbilical cord lie over or near the birth canal.
Intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) is defined as the spontaneous death of a fetus weighing 500 gm after 20 weeks of gestation due to genetic disease or infection.