Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder that occurs when an individual has an extra copy of chromosome 21. It results in physical and intellectual disabilities.
Congenital malformations are birth defects that occur while the baby is developing in the womb. It can involve any part, including the heart, brain, and limbs.
The types of tests that are done in pregnancy are blood test, urine test, ultrasound, prenatal screening, cervical screening, and fetal assessment.
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a prenatal test that is used to detect genetic disorders in the baby, usually performed between 10 and 12 weeks of pregnancy.
A nonstress test (NST) is a prenatal test used to check the well-being of the unborn baby. During an NST, the baby's heart rate and movements are monitored.