Dilation and evacuation (D&E) is a second-trimester surgical abortion that involves the dilation of the cervix and the removal of fetal tissue with forceps.
Missed abortion, also known as silent miscarriage, is a condition when the foetus is dead and retained inside the uterus for more than four weeks.
Septic abortion is any type of abortion (spontaneous or induced) associated with infection of the uterus and its content during or after 20 weeks of gestation.
Incomplete abortion is a condition when the entire products of conception are not expelled instead a part of it is left inside the uterine cavity.
A miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion, is the unexpected pregnancy loss before the period of viability and cause of haemorrhage in early pregnancy.
Grand multipara refers to a pregnant woman who has given four or more previous viable births. Grand multipara is considered a high risk case.
During pregnancy, use of substances such as alcohol, tobacco and other drugs can cause serious harm to baby like preterm birth, stillbirth, low birth weight.
Drugs have harmful effects on the foetus and should be avoided during pregnancy. On the other hand, some drugs have a therapeutic effect on the foetus.
The treatment of recurrent pregnancy loss involves medications, surgery, genetic testing and lifestyle changes. It is usually depends on the causative factors.