The second stage of labor is the phase that occurs after the cervix has dilated to 10 cm and ends with the delivery of the baby that last from 30 min to 2 hrs.
This stage can last anywhere from minutes to hours, depending on how quickly the baby moves through the birth canal. In this blog post, we will discuss what you can expect during this stage of labor. We will also provide tips for managing your pain and staying comfortable. Congratulations on making it this far!
What is the second stage of labor?
The second stage starts with full dilatation of the cervix and ends with the delivery of the baby. This is when the baby starts to descend into the pelvis and eventually crowns or emerges from the vagina.
The second stage of labor is the pushing phase. This is when you will bear down and push your baby out through the birth canal. You may feel the urge to push even before your cervix has dilated to full capacity. However, your doctor or midwife will likely tell you to wait until your cervix is fully dilated before you start pushing.
How long does the second stage of labor last?
The second stage of labor can last anywhere from minutes to hours. It is typically longer for first-time mothers, can last anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours, and shorter for women who have given birth before, lasting around 20 minutes to one hour. If you are pushing for more than two hours, your doctor or midwife may suggest that you try a different position or change your approach.
Events in the second stage of labor
During the second stage of labor, you will experience some or all of the following:
- Intense urges to push
- The sensation of your baby descending through the birth canal
- The sensation of your baby’s head crowning
- Burning or stinging sensations as your baby’s head emerges.
- Relief from the pressure of your baby’s head in your pelvis
Pains and discomforts in the second stage of labor
The second stage of labor is often the most painful part of childbirth. The intensity of the pain varies from woman to woman. Pains come at an interval of 2-3 minutes, and each pain lasts for 60-90 seconds. You may find that the pain is manageable with deep breathing and relaxation techniques. Or, you may need medication to help you cope.
Bearing down efforts
Bearing down is the process of pushing your baby out through the birth canal. You will likely be instructed to do this with each contraction. During each contraction, take a deep breath in and then bear down as you exhale. You can use your abdominal muscles, leg muscles, and back muscles to help you push.
When to start pushing?
You may feel the urge to push even before your cervix is fully dilated. However, your doctor or midwife will likely tell you to wait until your cervix is fully dilated before you start pushing. This is because pushing too early can cause exhaustion, increase the risk of tearing, or the need for an episiotomy.
How to push effectively?
There are a few different positions that you can try when it comes to pushing. The most common position is the lithotomy position, which is when you are lying on your back with your legs in stirrups. However, you may find that another position is more comfortable for you. You can also try different techniques, such as the Valsalva maneuver, which is when you hold your breath and bear down at the same time.
Delivery of the baby
After all of your hard work, it is finally time to meet your baby! Your doctor or midwife will catch your baby as he or she emerges from the birth canal. The umbilical cord will be clamped and cut, and your baby will be placed on your chest for skin-to-skin contact.
What happens after the baby is born?
After your baby is born, you will enter the third and final stage of labor, which is the delivery of the placenta. This usually takes place minutes after your baby is born. You may feel some cramping as your uterus contracts to deliver the placenta. Once the placenta is delivered, your doctor or midwife will check for any tears and repair them if necessary. You will then be able to hold your baby and start breastfeeding.
What can I do to manage my pain during the second stage of labor?
There are a few things you can do to manage your pain during the second stage of labor.
- You can try different positions. Some women find pain relief by sitting on a birth ball or leaning over a bed or chair. Others find relief by squatting or standing up.
- You can also try different breathing techniques to help you relax and focus on the task at hand.
- You can ask your doctor or midwife to give you pain medication.
What are some tips for staying comfortable during the second stage of labor?
There are a few things you can do to stay comfortable during the second stage of labor.
- Make sure you are in a comfortable position. You may want to try a few different positions until you find one that works for you.
- Use a pillow or rolled-up towel to support your back.
- Focus on your breathing and relax as much as possible.
- Take breaks if you need them. You can always start pushing again when you’re ready.
The second stage of labor is the pushing stage, which is when you will push your baby out through the birth canal. This can be a very painful and exhausting process, but it is also an exciting and miraculous time. With a little bit of preparation, you can make it through the second stage of labor and meet your beautiful baby for the first time. Good luck!